Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business Research

ISSN 2305-8277
Table of Contents: Vol. 2, Issue No. 6, November 2013 Table of Contents: Vol. 2, Issue No. 6, November 2013


Risk-seeking Career Strategies and Women’s Career Success

Author(s): Vipin Gupta 1, and Mary Shapiro 2, Sylvia Maxfield 2, and Susan Hass 2

Abstract: Using the innovation literature in the field of strategy, we identify a four-fold typology of career strategies based on two types of risk-seeking by women stag (high formative, high transformative), guerrilla (high formative, low transformative), hare (low formative, high transformative), and ant (low formative, low transformative).The analysis suggests that women who pursue the “stag” and the “guerrilla” career strategies report significantly higher career success on both materialistic as well as psychological criteria. However, the least successful “ant” and “hare” career strategies are more dominant in the sample. Using the gender literature, we explore implications of the findings for further research and for career counseling.

[Compelete Article-pdf]   [pp: 189-204]   Article first published online: September 2013

Author Affiliations:
  • California State University San Bernardino, United States1
  • Simmons College School of Management, United States2
Economic Downturn and Efficient Market Hypothesis: Lessons so Far for Ghana

Author(s): Ernest C. Winful, David Sarpong (JNR), and William Agbodohu

Abstract: Like all good theories, market efficiency has major limitations, even though it continues to be the source of important and enduring insights. This is a conceptual framework on global financial crisis and Efficient Market Hypothesis (EMH). Despite the theory’s undoubted limitations, the claim that it is responsible for the current worldwide crisis seems wildly exaggerated. This paper discusses many of those claims. It was identified that many of these claims were without merit and what developing economies need to consider and worry about is how they can strategize well to insulate themselves from the effects of global financial crisis whenever they arise and even capitalize on it to reap maximum benefits from the situation. Since African stock markets are seen to be providing investors in the developed economies the benefits of portfolio diversification, Ghana should be thinking of what they can benefit from the crisis which we refer to as an opportunity in this paper. Leaders in emerging economies should not sit aloof and believe that the adverse impact is certainly going to affect their economy but they should rather focus on minimizing the effects and taking advantage of the distortions in the developed economies.

[Compelete Article-pdf]   [pp: 205-210]   Article first published online: September 2013

Author(s) Affiliations:
  • Accountancy Department, ACCRA POLY
An Interview with Roger Kaufman and Ingrid Guerra-Lopez: About Needs Assessment for Organizational Success

Author: Michael F. Shaughnessy

Brief Bio: Ingrid Guerra-López, PhD, is an associate professor and director of the Institute for Learning and Performance Improvement at Wayne State University, and Principal of Intelligence Gathering Systems. She has served on the board of directors of the International Society for Performance Improvement (ISPI), and is Editor of ISPI's research journal Performance Improvement Quarterly. Dr. Guerra-López’s research, consulting and teaching focus on improving human and organizational performance through needs assessment and evaluation, with particular focus on the identification and mapping of performance indicators. She has published six books and approximately 50 articles. Her latest co-authored book with Roger Kaufman, Needs Assessment for Organizational Success has become an American Society for Training and Development (ASTD) best-seller. Her book, Performance Evaluation: Proven Approaches for Improving Program and Organizational Performance is one of the most widely used evaluation books in instructional systems and performance improvement graduate programs. Roger Kaufman is professor emeritus, Florida State University, Director of Roger Kaufman & Associates, and Distinguished Research Professor at the Sonora Institute of Technology (Mexico). He received ASTD’s Distinguished Contribution to Workplace Learning and Performance award. Also, he is a past president, honorary member for life and Thomas Gilbert Award winner, all with ISPI, Kaufman has published 41 books and over 280 articles on strategic planning, performance improvement, quality management and continual improvement, needs assessment, management, and evaluation. He consults world-wide with public, private and NGO organizations. At Florida State he created the Center for Needs Assessment and Planning that did applied research and development. The literature often sites him as “the father of needs assessment.” He is a Fellow of the American Psychological Association and the American Educational Research Association.

[Compelete Article-pdf]   [pp: 211-214]   Article first published online: September 2013

Author Affiliations:
  • Eastern New Mexico University, United States
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